NASA’s Mars 2020

NICE! The next Mars rover is actually going to attempt to produce oxygen. (see the list below of the goodies this rover will have for instruments), in particular the “Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment “ 
Next step. Humans. 

  • Mastcam-Z: A highly advanced camera system able to produce panoramic and stereoscopic images.
  • SuperCam: A triple-threat device that handles imaging, chemical composition analysis, and mineralogy. It also seeks out organic compounds at a distance.
  • Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL): An X-ray fluorescence spectrometer able to delve into the details of chemical elements on Mars.
  • Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC): This spectrometer not only sports a cool acronym, it also detects organic compounds and determines mineralogy.
  • Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE): Humans, get ready. This experiment will attempt to produce oxygen from carbon dioxide in Mars’ atmosphere.
  • Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA): This instrument is kind of like a Mars weather station. It will measure temperature, pressure, humidity, wind, and dust.
  • Radar Imager for Mars’ Subsurface Exploration (RIMFAX): “CSI” meets Mars with this ground-penetrating radar that will gaze into the subsurface to study geology that is normally out of sight.